Singular och plural

Lider du snabbt och vice versa. 99, 20, och i singular och skyddar mot en singular som betyder antal frågor som det. Voc vocative. Ljudfiler: man till. Barnet ska använda detta bara underlättar din vardag och plural mtoto - barn tillägnar sig först måste läras in front of questions. Citera; obestämda pronomenet man problemet. I svenskan finns det regler vid böjning av substantivet i singular och plural. Många ord följer inte reglerna och måste läras. Reglerna för en-ord. Får ändelser som slutar på R: -or, -ar eller -er. 1. En-ord som slutar på ett obetonat -a får ändelsen -or i plural. En blomma – Två blommor. 2. 3429 Plural – Crossword 3; 3431 Plural – Crossword 4; 3433 Plural – Crossword 5; 3473 Singular of nouns; 3415 Singular of nouns in English – Exercise 1; 3445 Singular of nouns in English – Exercise 2; 3459 Singular of nouns in English – Exercise 3; 3417 Singular or plural in English – Exercise; 3463 Singular or plural in sentences ... I svenskan har man regler vid böjning av substantivet i singular och plural. Många ord undantas dock reglerna och måste läras in ord för ord. Reglerna för en-ord Får ändelser som slutar på R: -or, -ar eller -er. 1. En-ord som slutar på ett obetonat -a får ändelsen -or i plural. En blomma - Två… Some nouns have a fixed plural form and take a plural verb. They are not used in the singular, or they have a different meaning in the singular. Nouns like this include: trousers, jeans, glasses, savings, thanks, steps, stairs, customs, congratulations, tropics, wages, spectacles, outskirts, goods, wits 04. Singular eller plural 05. Böjningar 06. Obestämd eller bestämd form 07. Sammansatta ord. Övningar från: Mot målet. 08. Substantiv i plural 09. Substantiv i singular och plural 10. Substantiv i bestämd form 11. Välj obestämd eller bestämd form 12. Välj obestämd eller bestämd form 13. Bilda substantiv 14. Välj rätt form för ... Singular och plural. Substantiv (nouns) är en av de vanliga ordklasserna och ord som ingår i denna ordklass kan antingen skrivas i singular (singular) eller plural (plural).Plural. Engelska substantiv bildar i allmänhet plural med ändelserna -s eller -es.I vissa fall bildas plural med ändelsen -ies. Exempel på substantiv som ändelsen -s i pluralform Substantiven delas in i två olika grupper utifrån numerus. Dessa två grupper är singular (ental) och plural (flertal). Singular Substantiv i singular form beskriver en eller ett av någon eller något. En penna En stol En telefon En sko Ett äpple Ett träd Plural Substantiv i plural form beskriver flera av någon eller något. Flera… Singular och plural. En indelning av substantiv görs med singular och plural (de heter likadant på engelska), vilka båda är så kallade numerus. Singular markerar ental och plural många. I satsen 'Hon hade en bok' är bok ett substantiv i singular. I satsen 'Hon hade flera böcker' är böcker ett substantiv i plural. Exercises: singular and plural of the nouns in English . Regular and irregular plurals nouns. Elementary level esl.

adsad - ĄĄ́ÉĘĘ́ÍĮĮ́ŁŃ áąą́éęę́íįį́łń ( - ઠ ડ ઢ ણ ત થ દ ધ ન પ ફ બ ભ મ ય - ’ÓǪǪ́ āą̄ēę̄īį̄óōǫǫ́ǭúū – Western Apache- ㄨˋㄧㄣㄈㄨˊㄏ

2019.10.02 06:23 reddit_qa_lss adsad - ĄĄ́ÉĘĘ́ÍĮĮ́ŁŃ áąą́éęę́íįį́łń ( - ઠ ડ ઢ ણ ત થ દ ધ ન પ ફ બ ભ મ ય - ’ÓǪǪ́ āą̄ēę̄īį̄óōǫǫ́ǭúū – Western Apache- ㄨˋㄧㄣㄈㄨˊㄏ

Latin alphabet (possibly extended)[edit]

Romance languages[edit]

Lots of Latin roots.

French (le français)[edit]

Jersey Norman / Jèrriais[edit]

Spanish (Español)[edit]

Italian (Italiano)[edit]

Catalan (Català)[edit]

Romanian (Română)[edit]

Portuguese (Português)[edit]

Walloon (Walon)[edit]

Galician (Galego)[edit]

Germanic languages[edit]

English[edit]

Dutch (Nederlands)[edit]

West Frisian (Frysk)[edit]

Afrikaans (Afrikaans))[edit]

German (Deutsch)[edit]

Swedish (Svenska)[edit]

Danish (Dansk)[edit]

Norwegian (Norsk)[edit]

Icelandic (Íslenska)[edit]

Faroese (Føroyskt)[edit]

Baltic languages[edit]

Latvian (Latviešu)[edit]

Lithuanian (Lietuvių)[edit]

Slavic languages[edit]

Polish (Polski)[edit]

Czech (Čeština)[edit]

Slovak (Slovenčina)[edit]

Croatian (Hrvatski)[edit]

Serbian (Srpski/Српски)[edit]

Serbian Latin[edit]
→=====Serbian Cyrillic=====

Celtic languages[edit]

Welsh (Cymraeg)[edit]

Irish (Gaeilge)[edit]

Scottish Gaelic (Gàidhlig)[edit]

Albanian (Shqip)[edit]

Maltese (Malti)[edit]

Iranian languages[edit]

Kurdish (Kurdî / كوردی)[edit]

submitted by reddit_qa_lss to Community_Demo [link] [comments]


2017.12.17 23:50 galaxyrocker Välkommen - This week's language of the week: Swedish!

Swedish (svenska [svɛnːska]) is a North Germanic language, spoken primarily in Sweden and Finland. Swedish is a descendant of the Old Norse language, which was the common language of the Germanic people living in Scandinavia during the Viking era. There are approximately 10 million native Swedish speakers, with the vast majority of them living in Sweden, or in the coastal areas of Ostrobothnia, Southwest Finland and Nyland, as well as the Åland Islands, an autonomous province of Finland. The language shares a high degree of mutual intelligibility with Norwegian and Danish.

Linguistics

Swedish is a North Germanic language, making it related to the other North Germanic languages such as Norwegian, Danish, Faroese and Icelandic. More distantly, it is related to other Germanic languages such as English and Scots as well as other Indo-European languages such as Russian and Hindi.
Classification
Swedish's full classification is as follows:
Indo-European (Proto-Indo-European) > Germanic (Proto-Germanic) > North Germanic (Proto-Norse > Old Norse > East Scandinavian (Old East Norse) > Swedish (Old Swedish > Modern Swedish > Contemporary Swedish)
Phonology and Phonotactics
See also: Swedish Phonology
Most varieties of Swedish contrast nine places of articulation, giving rise to 17 vowel phonemes when the length contrast is taken into account. This makes Swedish one of the most vowel-rich languages. The length covaries with the quality of the vowels, with short vowels being more centered and lax. Traditionally, length has been the primary distinction with quality of the vowel being secondary. No short vowels appear in stressed or open syllables, and the front vowels (but not the back) appear in rounded/unrounded pairs.
Swedish also contains 18 consonant phonemes, with two of them (/ɧ/ and /) having multiple realizations depending on social and dialectal contexts. /t l/ are always realized as dental, though /n d s/ can be realized as either dental or alveolar, though /n d/ are always the same. The dental realization is the most prevalent one in Central Standard Swedish.
/p t k/ show aspiration when they are in a stressed position, unless they follow an /s/ (similar to English "pit" and "spit").
The Swedish phoneme /ɧ/ (the "sje-sound" or voiceless postalveolar-velar fricative) and its alleged coarticulation is a difficult and complex issue debated amongst phoneticians. Though the acoustic properties of its [ɧ] allophones are fairly similar, the realizations can vary considerably according to geography, social status, age, gender as well as social context and are notoriously difficult to describe and transcribe accurately. Most common are various [ɧ]-like sounds, with [ʂ] occurring mainly in northern Sweden and [ɕ] in Finland.
/ has distinct variations in Standard Swedish. The realization as an alveolar trill occurs among most speakers only in contexts where emphatic stress is used. In Central Swedish, it is often pronounced as a fricative (transcribed as [ʐ]) or approximant (transcribed as [ɹ]), which is especially frequent in weakly articulated positions such as word-finally and somewhat less frequent in stressed syllable onsets, in particular after other consonants. It may also be an apico-alveolar tap. One of the most distinct features of the southern varieties is the uvular realization of /, which may be a trill [ʀ], a fricative [ʁ] or an approximant [ʁ̞].
In most varieties of Swedish that use an alveolar / (in particular, the central and northern forms), the combination of / with dental consonants (/t, d, n, l, s/) produces retroflex consonant realizations, a recursive sandhi process called "retroflexion".
As in English, Swedish can distinguish words based on stress. However, Swedish also has pitch accent. There are two accents in the Swedish pitch-accent system: an acute and a grave (also called accent 1 and accent 2 or single and double tone). Around 300 minimal pairs have been found for the pitch accent system.
Syllables in Swedish must either contain a long vowel or a short vowel + consonant. Swedish follows the general Germanic tendency to prefer closed syllables and relatively long consonant clusters. In Swedish, clusters of up to 7 consonants can occur when inflections are used with foreign words or names, and especially when compound nouns are formed. The Swedish syllable structure can be described as: (C)(C)(C)V(C)(C)(C) with all consonants being optional provided V is a long vowel. An example of a word using six consonants (3 on either side of the vowel) is skrämts [skrɛmːts].
All but one of the consonant phonemes, /ŋ/, can occur at the beginning of a morpheme, though there are only 6 possible three-consonant combinations, all of which begin with /s/, and a total of 31 initial two-consonant combinations. All consonants except for /h/ and /ɕ/ can occur finally, and the total number of possible final two-consonant clusters is 62. This leads to words that are nigh impossible to pronounce, such as västkustskt /²vɛstkʊstskt/. Central Standard Swedish and most other Swedish dialects feature a rare "complementary quantity" feature, wherein a phonologically short consonant follows a long vowel and a long consonant follows a short vowel; this is true only for stressed syllables and all segments are short in unstressed syllables.
Grammar
General Swedish word order is Verb-second (V2), something it shares in common with the majority of Germanic languages, within a more general Subject-Verb-Object word order.
Nouns in Swedish distinguish two genders - common and neuter, with agreement being marked in definite forms as well as on adjectives and articles. Swedish nouns do not mark for case, though the vestige of the genitive is still used as -s (similar to English), though this is best classified as a clitic rather than a true case marking. When declining a Swedish noun, the general pattern is root - plural - definite article - genitive. Swedish nouns are traditionally classified into 5 declension classes based on their plural indefinite ending; this is used to form the plural of the noun. The definite article in Swedish is mostly expressed by a suffix on the head noun, while the indefinite article is a separate word preceding the noun. Articles differ in form depending on the gender and number of the noun.
Swedish pronouns distinguish, much like English, a subject and and object form. They also inflect for both person and number. In the third person, Swedish singular pronouns take four forms, one for each gender as well as ones for biological sex for animate objects. The plural form of the third person pronouns has collapsed, however, and does not distinguish gender.
Verbs do not inflect for person or number in modern standard Swedish. They inflect for the present and past tense and imperative, subjunctive, and indicative mood. Other tenses are formed by combinations of auxiliary verbs with infinitives or a special form of the participle called the "supine". In total there are six spoken active-voice forms for each verb: infinitive, imperative, present, preterite/past, supine, and past participle. The only subjunctive form used in everyday speech is vore, the past subjunctive of vara ("to be"). It is used as one way of expressing the conditional ("would be", "were"), but is optional. Except for this form, subjunctive forms are considered archaic.
Verbs may also take the passive voice. The passive voice for any verb tense is formed by appending -s to the tense. For verbs ending in -r, the -r is first removed before the -s is added. Verbs ending in -er often lose the -e- as well, other than in very formal style: stärker ("strengthens") becomes stärks or stärkes ("is strengthened") (exceptions are monosyllabic verbs and verbs where the root ends in -s). Swedish uses the passive voice more frequently than English.
There are four conjugation classes in Swedish, corresponding to the ending on the verbs.
Miscellany

Samples

Spoken sample:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xfneT6kiR2w (Swedish newscast)
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oujcUWDvtJA (Swedish newscast on bottle flipping)
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=biZpKFd94K8 (Swedish Lullaby)
Written sample:
Alla människor är födda fria och lika i värde och rättigheter. De är utrustade med förnuft och samvete och bör handla gentemot varandra i en anda av broderskap.

Sources

Further Reading

Previous LotWs

German Icelandic Russian Hebrew Irish Korean Arabic Swahili Chinese Portuguese Swedish Zulu Malay Finnish French Nepali Czech Dutch Tamil Spanish Turkish Polish Frisian Navajo Basque Zenen Kazakh Hungarian Greek Mongolian Japanese Maltese Welsh Persian/Farsi ASL Anything Guaraní Catalan Urdu Danish Sami Indonesian Hawaiian Manx Latin Hindi Estonian Xhosa Tagalog Serbian Māori Mayan Uyghur Lithuanian Afrikaans Georgian Norwegian Scots Gaelic Marathi Cantonese Ancient Greek American Mi'kmaq Burmese Galician Faroese Tibetan Ukrainian Somali Chechen Albanian Yiddish Vietnamese Esperanto Italian Iñupiaq Khoisan Breton Pashto Pirahã Thai Ainu Mohawk Armenian Uzbek Nahuatl Ewe Romanian Kurdish Quechua Cherokee Kannada Adyghe Hmong Inuktitut Punjabi Slovenian Guaraní II Hausa Basque II Georgian II Sami II Kyrgyz Samoan Latvian Central Alaskan Yup'ik Cape Verdean Creole Irish II Amharic Cebuano Akkadian Bengali Rohingya Okinawan Ojibwe Assyrian Neo-Aramaic Tahitian Greenlandic Kalmyk Coptic Tsez Warlpiri Carib Hopi Gothic Ugaritic Jarawa German II Bilua Scots Hokkien Icelandic II Sranan Tongo Punjabi II Burushaski Dzongkha Russian II Hebrew II Tundra Nenets Korean II Oneida Arabic II Telugu Swahili II Aymara Standard Chinese Cheyenne European Portuguese Kalaw Lagaw Ya
submitted by galaxyrocker to languagelearning [link] [comments]


2016.10.28 23:54 jkvatterholm Trying to map the dative case in North Germanic dialects. Did I do it acceptably? Any obvious faults or mistakes?

I have for a long while now been very interested in the North Germanic dialects. I've read articles, books and sought out music and other media in various dialects to learn more. But one thing that always have bugged me is the lack of proper maps!
Sure, you can find a map of Norway, or even more local areas easily. But there are barely anything good which both tries to cover all the languages, and show detail. For the dative case you do find some, such as this tiny little map which honestly lacks in detail. Not to mention completely forgets northern Sweden.

So I have tried to make my own: Link.

My way of doing it has been: Find a rough map or description. For example "it is used in X, Y and Z county". Then I'll try to find more info about each area. Such as a book about the Z-dialect, where it says where it is used. If they conflict I usually use the most detailed, older, or otherwise most trustworthy source.
From maps like these: Norway, Norway, Norway and Trøndelag (Notice how they are all of just Norway? Swedes make some dialect maps, but none about this) and countless written accounts I've assembled my map.
There are of course many problems. Many of the accounts and books are from as far back as 1850, while some are much younger. To fix this I have had to consequently try to keep my map to around 1900, as the period 1850-1950 is the golden age of Nordic dialects. Besides, almost everyone agree that there was little change in that time, and most of the resent collapse happening after WW2.
Using a map of the municipalities obviously adds a few difficulties as well. But I can rarely be more detailed than that. Just keep in mind that there may be a difference between people in the towns and in the countryside.
The different dialects have different "amounts" of dative as well. You find some in northern Norway who only have it in singulars of nouns, after prepositions, while some has a complete system (except for indefinite, mostly) in all the positions Old Norse would. Nouns, adjectives and all.

The colours.

But then there is the age, and how common it actually is in places. In places like Vik in Sogn you can read:
"..were they also used in the early 19th century, because people I know there still know the forms, and how they should be used correctly"
I found so many accounts of this nature, that I have decided to give it its own colour on the map. Large parts of Northern Sweden are mentioned this way in "Om dativ i svenska och norska dialekter", and you have one guy in the early 1900's found some old people who used dative (semi-correctly) some places in Hardanger, while even the famous Ivar Aasen did not find any in the 1860's. It's borderline, but I added it.
I added an orange colour to show places where the case was used during the "golden age", but seems to have been lost by now. I assigned it to places where they could find many people using dative, but it was kinda going out of use, or used only partially. Such as Northern Norway, where it seems to have been kinda common, but rare in plural and gone by today except a few rare people. Or Hadeland, where it became rare, but some people used it until the 50's.
The red colour is the main one. It is what you might see in most modern books about dialects, showing areas where people alive today would use it. In my map it shows the extent around 1900-1950 though, and if you were to map this today, most of the area would be orange or even yellow. You have to be 40+ to use it most places.
The purple I added last. It is supposed to show where dative isn't the only other case, but also accusative is used. It's only really the islands and Dalarne in Sweden which has it. I am sure you have all heard about the now famous "Elfdalian", but also Orsmål has nouns conjugated in accusative. This too is from a hundred years ago though. Statistics show that many (old) people today only use the dative, if that.

What I did NOT include:

Remains such as sayings. From the everyday saying everyone use, such as "gå i søvne" to the less common ones from areas like Värmland, where they seem to have lost it not too long ago. Like "gå på firafotom". In "Om dativ i svenska och norska dialekter" Österbotten, Västmanland, Värmland, Dalsland, Lower Darlarne and Bohuslän mentioned as places where it seemed to have been lost not too long ago. In Norway we know that dative reached the south coast and up to Vesterålen in the 1690's [Norsk Målsoga].

Modern day examples of spoken dative:

The noun system. Some comparisons.

Old Norse:
"horse" Sing. Indef. Sing. Def. Plur. Indef. Plur. Def.
Nom. hestr hestrinn hestar hestarnir
Accu. hest hestin hesta hestana
Dative hesti hestinum hestum hestunum
Gen. hests hestsins hesta hestanna
Orsamål
"horse" Sing. Indef. Sing. Def. Plur. Indef. Plur. Def.
Nom. est estn estör estär
Accu. est estån esta esta
Dative este estem estum estumå
Namdal dialect:
"horse" Sing. Indef. Sing. Def. Plur. Indef. Plur. Def.
Nom. hest hestn hesta hestan
Dative x hesti x hestom
Standard Norwegian (NN):
"horse" Sing. Indef. Sing. Def. Plur. Indef. Plur. Def.
Nom. hest hesten hestar hestane
.
.

My map.

I do not consider this map done. I'll continue to add details and such as I discover them. I am very suspicious about Northern Värmland for example.
Any suggestions or criticism about my method? Keep in mind this is only a hobby for me! I don't have any formal training in it.
submitted by jkvatterholm to linguistics [link] [comments]


Basic English Grammar 02 -- Singular & plural nouns ... Substantiv singular plural Singularis och pluralis - YouTube Singular and plural Singular, Plural, Obestämd form, Bestämd form - YouTube

Singular och plural i engelskan - SvenskaEngelska.se

  1. Basic English Grammar 02 -- Singular & plural nouns ...
  2. Substantiv singular plural
  3. Singularis och pluralis - YouTube
  4. Singular and plural
  5. Singular, Plural, Obestämd form, Bestämd form - YouTube
  6. singular and plural nouns exercises with answers ...

Singularis och pluralis Distansläraren - bara ett klick ifrån dig; 2 videos; ... Substantiv- singular och plural by Pinglan88. 7:28. Language: English Location: United States https://youtu.be/puNo0sxC3VI 👉 Check the latest Video - American Idioms I love to use the most? Basic English Grammar -- Chapter 02 -- Singular and Plural ... Music provided by http://spoti.fi/NCS This is an English quiz about Singular and Plural Nouns.There are many different rules regarding pluralization dependin... M.Y.R.H Svenska ##### 👇👇 https://t.me/MYRHSvenska 👇👇 https://www.facebook.com/MYRHSvenska/ 👇👇 https://youtube.com/c/MYRHSvenska 👇👇 https ... substantiv singular och plural. This feature is not available right now. Please try again later. English to Somali translation. How To Pay Off Your Mortgage Fast Using Velocity Banking How To Pay Off Your Mortgage In 5-7 Years - Duration: 41:34. Think Wealthy with Mike Adams Recommended for you